Cadence Bancorporation Reports First Quarter 2020 Financial Results

HOUSTON–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Cadence Bancorporation (NYSE: CADE) (“Cadence”) today announced a net loss for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 of ($399.3) million or ($3.15) per share, compared to net income of $58.2 million or $0.44 per share for the quarter ended March 31, 2019, and $51.4 million or $0.40 per share for the quarter ended December 31, 2019. The 2020 net loss resulted from a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $412.9 million, net of tax, or ($3.26) per share. Adjusted net income(1), excluding non-routine income and expenses(2) and the impairment charge, was $12.5 million or $0.10 per share for the first quarter of 2020, compared to adjusted net income of $75.5 million or $0.58 per share for the quarter ended March 31, 2019 and compared to $51.9 million or $0.40 per share for the quarter ended December 31, 2019.

“There are several positive points about our first quarter results that should be mentioned. Our adjusted pre-tax, pre-provision earnings of $93 million or 2.11% as a percent of average assets is relatively stable compared to the linked quarter. Our loan loss reserves more than doubled to 1.83% of loans in part due to CECL implementation as well as the impact of COVID-19. Importantly, our capital ratios and liquidity are strong and our tangible book value per share increased from $14.65 to $15.65 linked quarter, up 6.7%. Our team has seen numerous cycles and we are cautiously and prudently preparing for an extended period of stress. Our bankers, while largely working remotely and safely, are actively and effectively meeting the needs of our customers and communities. Cadence, as an existing SBA preferred lender, has been active in the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”), and we have secured approximately $1 billion in these PPP loans for our customers. This is a particularly difficult time for restaurants, energy companies and their banks. COVID-19, coupled with historically low oil prices, has taken a toll on these industries in which we have an active banking presence. Our exposure to these industries contributed to the significant drop in our share price, which was a primary trigger of the goodwill impairment charge that impacted our first quarter earnings. This non-cash goodwill charge does not adversely affect our strong capital ratios or liquidity, and we remain confident in our ability to deal with any additional pressures we may experience in the quarters ahead. In light of the higher level of stress, our Board declared a second quarter dividend of $0.05 cents per share, down from $0.175 in previous quarter. This prudent step is consistent with our historical conservative approach to capital management,” stated Paul B. Murphy, Jr., Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Cadence Bancorporation.

First Quarter 2020 Highlights:

First quarter 2020 highlights (compared to the linked quarter where applicable) are as follows:

  • Annualized returns on average assets and tangible common equity for the first quarter of 2020 were (9.08%) and 3.86%, respectively, compared to 1.34% and 15.54%, respectively, for the first quarter of 2019 and 1.14% and 11.82%, respectively, for the fourth quarter of 2019.
  • Adjusted annualized returns on average assets(1) and adjusted tangible common equity(1) for the first quarter of 2020 were 0.28% and 3.62%, respectively, compared to 1.74% and 19.83%, respectively, for the first quarter of 2019 and 1.16% and 11.93%, respectively, for the fourth quarter of 2019.
  • Adjusted pre-tax pre-provision net earnings(1) for the first quarter of 2020 was $93.0 million, a decrease of $15.5 million or 14.3% compared to the first quarter of 2019 and a decrease of $1.9 million or 2.0% compared to the fourth quarter of 2019. The linked quarter decline was driven by lower accretion income. As a percent of average assets, adjusted pre-tax pre-prevision net earnings was 2.11%, 2.50% and 2.11% for the first quarter of 2020, first quarter of 2019 and fourth quarter of 2019, respectively.
  • On March 6, 2020, we terminated our $4.0 billion notional interest rate collar, realizing a gain of $261.2 million (“transaction gain”). The locked-in transaction gain, currently reflected in other comprehensive income net of deferred income taxes, will amortize over an expected four years into interest income, regardless of the interest rate environment.
  • On January 1, 2020, Cadence adopted the current expected credit loss (“CECL”) accounting standard for estimating credit losses. Upon adoption, we recognized an increase of $75.9 million in our allowance for credit losses (“ACL”), increasing the ACL by 63.4% to $195.5 million or 1.50% of total loans. Note that this “Day 1” impact did not impact first quarter loan provisions, but instead only impacted the ACL, deferred taxes, and equity.
  • The provision for credit losses for the first quarter 2020 was $83.4 million compared to $27.1 million in the linked quarter. Upon the adoption of CECL, the provision for credit losses includes the provision for loan losses and the provision for unfunded credit commitments. Prior to the adoption of CECL, the provision for unfunded credit commitments was included in other noninterest expenses. Our calculation for the ACL used the baseline scenario provided by a nationally recognized service released on April 4, 2020, as adjusted after considering qualitative and environmental factors.
  • We continued to actively manage funding costs, with total cost of funds at 1.05% and total cost of deposits at 0.96%, representing declines of 18 basis points for each.
  • We more than offset the effect of declining rates on our earning assets through the impact of our hedging and deposit cost management. While tax equivalent net interest margin (“NIM”) declined by 9 basis points to 3.80%, 11 basis points was due to lower accretion income during the quarter due in part to the implementation of CECL.
  • We aggressively managed expenses, with adjusted expenses (see Table 10) declining $7.0 million and realized an adjusted efficiency ratio(1) of 49.9%.
  • Capital remained very strong with CET1 at 11.4%, and we ended the quarter with a well-positioned, diverse balance sheet reflecting strong liquidity and a robust capital base.

Balance Sheet:

Total assets were $17.2 billion as of March 31, 2020, a decrease of $215.0 million or 1.2% from March 31, 2019, and a decrease of $562.3 million or 3.2% from December 31, 2019.

Loans at March 31, 2020 totaled $13.4 billion as compared to $13.6 billion at March 31, 2019, a decrease of $232.8 million or 1.7%. Loans increased $408.5 million or 3.1% from $13.0 billion at December 31, 2019. The year-over-year decline included sales of equipment financing loans of $130 million in 2Q19, sales of homebuilder finance loans of $47.1 million in the first quarter of 2020, and strategic declines in the restaurant and leveraged loan sectors as part of our risk management. The declines also reflect an overall heightened risk focus on new originations in the past year. The increases in loan balances during the first quarter of 2020 reflect primarily increased customer draws on outstanding credit lines and modest new originations, partially offset by routine paydowns. During the first quarter of 2020, draws on existing lines of credit increased by $457.3 million.

Investment Securities at March 31, 2020 totaled $2.5 billion or 14.3% of total assets as compared to $1.8 billion or 10.1% of total assets at March 31, 2019, an increase of $706.8 million or 40.3%. Investment securities for the first quarter of 2020 increased $93.1 million from $2.4 billion, or 13.3% of total assets at December 31, 2019. The increase in securities as a percent of assets from the prior year is a result of growth in deposits and lower loan balances.

Goodwill at March 31, 2020 totaled $43.1 million, down from $480.4 million at March 31, 2019 and $485.3 million at December 31, 2019. The Company performed an interim goodwill impairment test as of March 31, 2020 which indicated goodwill impairment resulting in the recording of a $443.7 million ($412.9 million, after-tax), non-cash impairment charge in the first quarter of 2020. The impairment, representing all of the Bank reporting unit’s goodwill, was primarily the result of economic and industry conditions at March 31, 2020, volatility in the market capitalization of the Company’s and its peer banks, increased loan provision estimates in light of COVID-19, increased discount rates and other changes in variables driven by the uncertain macro-environment that when combined, resulted in the fair value of the reporting unit being less than the reporting unit’s carrying value. The remaining goodwill at March 31, 2020 relates to our registered investment advisory subsidiary and trust division.

Total Deposits at March 31, 2020 totaled $14.5 billion, an increase of $290.3 million or 2.0% from March 31, 2019 and a decrease of $253.3 million or 2% from December 31, 2019. First quarter 2020 core deposit declines of $636 million reflect an intentional reduction in certain higher priced and larger depositor relationships totaling nearly $1 billion and seasonal public fund and large corporate deposit declines of $175 million, partially offset by granular core deposit account growth of nearly $550 million. These strategic deposit activities resulted in a 16% reduction in costs of deposits to 0.96% for the quarter and an increase of noninterest-bearing deposits as a percent of total deposits to 27% from 24% in the prior quarter.

Total borrowings were $372.4 million at March 31, 2020, down from $717.3 million at March 31, 2019 and flat from $372.2 million at December 31, 2019. The year-over-year decline was largely due to a decrease of $295.0 million in FHLB borrowings as a result of increased core deposits, as well as a decline of approximately $50 million in other long-term debt.

Shareholders’ equity was $2.1 billion at March 31, 2020, a decrease of $189.3 million or 8.2% from March 31, 2019, and a decrease of $347.3 million or 14.1% from December 31, 2019. The linked quarter decrease resulted primarily from the net goodwill impairment charge of $412.9 million, $22.1 million in cash dividends, $30.0 million related to common share buybacks, and the cumulative effect of adopting CECL at January 1, 2020 of $62.8 million. These reductions to equity were partially offset by an increase of $166.0 million in other comprehensive income largely driven by the realized gain from the termination of our interest rate collar.

Tangible common shareholders’ equity(1) was $2.0 billion at March 31, 2020, an increase of $266.6 million or 15.6% from March 31, 2019 and an increase of $100.9 million or 5.4% from December 31, 2019. The linked quarter increase resulted from the same factors noted above excluding the goodwill impairment charge as it does not impact tangible common equity.

  • Tangible book value per share(1) was $15.65 as of March 31, 2020, an increase of $2.42 or 18% from $13.23 as of March 31, 2019 and an increase of $1.00 or 7% from $14.65 as of December 31, 2019.
  • Total outstanding shares at March 31, 2020 were 125.9 million.
  • Total shareholders’ equity to total assets and tangible equity to tangible assets were 12.3% and 11.5%, respectively, at March 31, 2020 compared to 13.2% and 10.1% at March 31, 2019, respectively.

Capital ratios remained robust at March 31, 2020, with all the ratios increasing or stable in the current quarter except for the leverage ratio, which was down slightly:

Common equity Tier 1 capital

11.4%

Tier 1 leverage capital

10.1%

Tier 1 risk-based capital

 

11.4%

Total risk-based capital

 

13.8%

  • For regulatory capital purposes, pursuant to the Federal Reserve Board’s final interim rule as of April 3, 2020, 100% of the CECL $62.8 million “Day-1” impact and 25% of the $83.4 million “Day-2” first quarter 2020 provision for credit losses will be deferred over a two-year period ending January 1, 2022, at which time it will be phased in on a pro rata basis over a three-year period ending January 1, 2025.

Asset Quality:

Credit quality metrics were elevated during the first quarter of 2020 as certain of our borrowers, predominantly in the Restaurant, Energy, and General C&I categories, experienced increased credit stress compared to our historical experience and long-term expectations.

  • Upon our adoption of CECL on January 1, 2020, we recorded an increase of $76.2 million, a 63.4% increase, to our ACL and reserve for unfunded commitments.
  • Provision for credit losses for the first quarter of 2020 (includes provision for loans and unfunded commitments) was $83.4 million or 2.55% annualized of average loans as compared to $11.2 million or 0.33% annualized of average loans for the first quarter of 2019 and $27.1 million or 0.80% annualized of average loans for the fourth quarter of 2019. The current quarter’s provision was driven by CECL methodology which included an economic forecast that was significantly adversely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and lower oil prices.
  • Net charge-offs for the first quarter of 2020 were $32.5 million or 0.99% annualized of average loans compared to $0.6 million or 0.02% annualized and $35.3 million or 1.04% annualized for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The current quarter charge-offs included $19.0 million in three general C&I credits, $9.4 million in four restaurant credits, and $0.8 million in one energy credit.
  • The ACL was $245.2 million or 1.83% of total loans as of March 31, 2020, as compared to $105.0 million or 0.77% of total loans as of March 31, 2019, and $119.6 million or 0.92% of total loans as of December 31, 2019.
  • The ACL to total nonperforming loans (“NPL”) was 153.6% as of March 31, 2020, as compared to 135.2% as of March 31, 2019, and 100.1% as of December 31, 2019.
  • Loans 30-89 days past due were 0.19% of total loans at March 31, 2020, compared to 0.17% at March 31, 2019 and 0.17% at December 31, 2019.
  • Accruing loans 90 days or more past due were 0.01% of total loans at March 31, 2020, compared to 0.30% at March 31, 2019 and 0.18% at December 31, 2019.
  • NPL as a percent of total loans were 1.19% at March 31, 2020, compared to 0.57% at March 31, 2019 and 0.92% at December 31, 2019. NPL totaled $159.7 million, $77.8 million and $119.6 million as of March 31, 2020, March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2019, respectively. Note that the adoption of CECL resulted in $35.5 million in additional NPL or 27 basis points in the purchased credit deteriorated (“PCD”) population at March 31, 2020 that were previously considered performing when evaluated as a pool under prior accounting methodology versus individually under CECL. Had CECL been in place at December 31, 2019, the amount of these PCD loans would have been $43.0 million.
  • Total criticized loans (see Table 6) at March 31, 2020 were $665.7 million or 4.97% of total loans as compared to $278.5 million or 2.04% at March 31, 2019 and $605.1 million or 4.66% at December 31, 2019. The linked quarter increase included net downgrades in energy credits and general C&I credits, partially mitigated by net upgrades of $28.3 million in technology credits.

Total Revenue:

Total operating revenue(1) for the first quarter of 2020 was $188.5 million, down $11.4 million or 5.7% from the same period in 2019 and down $6.3 million or 3.2% from the linked quarter.

Net interest income Net interest income for the first quarter of 2020 was $153.5 million, a decrease of $15.8 million or 9.3% from the same period in 2019 and a decrease of $7.4 million or 4.6% from the fourth quarter of 2019.

  • Our fully tax-equivalent net interest margin (“NIM”) for the first quarter of 2020 was 3.80% as compared to 4.21% for the first quarter of 2019 and 3.89% for the fourth quarter of 2019.
  • Net interest spread in the first quarter of 2020 decreased to 3.38% as compared to 3.70% for the first quarter of 2019 and 3.41% for the fourth quarter of 2019.
  • Accretion on acquired loans totaled $9.8 million for the first quarter of 2020, adding 23 basis points to the NIM. As part of the CECL implementation, interest earned on PCD loans is reflected through interest income where it was previously considered in ACI loan accretion. The comparable PCD loan interest for each period amounts to $3.0 million, $3.6 million and $3.8 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2020, March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2019, respectively. PCD accretion was $2.0 million for the first quarter of 2020 as compared to comparable accretion of $6.0 million for the fourth quarter of 2019. We have normalized PCD income to CECL presentation throughout this release for comparability purposes between quarters.

The year-over-year decrease in NIM reflects positive impacts from changes in our balance sheet mix, derivative activities, funding costs, loan yields offset by declines in accretion income. The first quarter 2020 NIM, as compared to the linked quarter, was down only 9 basis points due fully to lower accretion as we effectively mitigated the impact of declining rates on our loan portfolio by aggressively managing funding costs and realizing the positive impact of our terminated collar gain. Specifically, the NIM change during the quarter included:

Quarterly Change in NIM

Balance

 

Yield

 

Total

4Q 2019 Net Interest Margin

 

 

 

 

3.89%

Securities & ST Investments

0.05%

 

-0.03%

 

0.02%

Originated Loans

0.01%

 

-0.06%

 

-0.05%

Acquired Loans

-0.09%

 

-0.03%

 

-0.12%

Loan Fees

 

 

-0.02%

 

-0.02%

Non Accrual Impact

 

 

-0.01%

 

-0.01%

Hedging

 

 

0.04%

 

0.04%

Earning Assets excl Accretion

-0.03%

 

-0.11%

 

-0.14%

Accretion

 

 

-0.11%

 

-0.11%

Earning Assets

-0.03%

 

-0.22%

 

-0.25%

Funding/Deposits

0.02%

 

0.14%

 

0.16%

Net Interest Margin Change

-0.01%

 

-0.08%

 

-0.09%

1Q 2020 Net Interest Margin

 

 

 

 

3.80%

The impact of the changes in yields and costs on our balance sheet included the following highlights:

  • Yield on originated loans, excluding hedging, was 4.75% for the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 5.00% for the fourth quarter of 2019. Approximately 68% of the total loan portfolio was floating at March 31, 2020, which drove the declines in originated loan yields in the first quarter of 2020.
  • The impact of declining rates on our loan yields was partially offset by the positive impact of our hedges linked quarter:

    • Collar gain recognition: Hedge income and gain recognition for the first quarter of 2020 was $8.0 million as compared to $6.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2019.
    • Rate swaps: Swap income for the first quarter of 2020 was ($0.1) million as compared to ($0.5) million for the fourth quarter of 2019.
  • Funding costs declined meaningfully this quarter as we worked proactively to lower higher cost deposit rates and/or balances, resulting in total cost of deposits for the first quarter of 2020 of 0.96% compared to 1.14% for the linked quarter, and total funding costs of 1.05% for the first quarter of 2020 compared to 1.23% for the linked quarter.

Noninterest income for the first quarter of 2020 was $35.1 million, an increase of $4.4 million or 14.4% from the same period of 2019 and an increase of $1.2 million or 3.5% over the linked quarter. Adjusted noninterest income(1) for the first quarter of 2020 was $32.1 million, an increase of $1.4 million or 4.6% from the first quarter of 2019, and a decrease of $0.2 million or 0.8% from the fourth quarter of 2019.

  • The year-over-year increase was led by increases in service charges, credit fees, trust revenue and SBA income, partially offset by declines in earnings from limited partnerships. The linked quarter results included an increase in credit related fees resulting from increased arrangement fees and an increase in service charges on deposits offset by decreases in investment advisory revenue impacted by declines in market values.
  • Noninterest income as a percent of total revenue for the first quarter of 2020 was 15.4% as compared to 12.1% for the first quarter of 2019 and 14.0% for the fourth quarter of 2019.

Noninterest expense excluding goodwill impairment charge for first quarter of 2020 was $94.0 million, a decrease of $19.5 million or 17.2% from the same period in 2019 and a decrease of $6.6 million or 6.5% from the fourth quarter of 2019.

Adjusted noninterest expense(2), which excludes the impact of non-routine items(2), was $92.6 million, up $1.1 million or 1.2% from the first quarter of 2019 and down $5.8 million or 5.9% from $98.4 million for the fourth quarter of 2019. The linked quarter decrease in adjusted expenses resulted from:

  • Decrease of $6.0 million in personnel costs primarily related to a reduction in incentive compensation and other compensation accruals;
  • Increase of $1.2 million in FDIC insurance assessment due to incremental credits received in the fourth quarter 2019 for assessments paid prior to reaching $10 billion in total assets; and
  • Decrease of $0.8 million in consulting and professional fees.

Our adjusted efficiency ratio(1) for the first quarter of 2020 of 49.9% improved slightly from the linked quarter ratio of 50.9% with lower expenses and increased from the prior year’s first quarter ratio of 45.7% due to lower revenue.

Taxes:

The effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2020 was 7.7% compared to 23.4% for the linked quarter and 22.7% for the first quarter of 2019. The first quarter of 2020 was impacted by the non-deductible portion of the goodwill impairment.

Dividend:

On April 28, 2020, the board of directors of Cadence Bancorporation approved a quarterly cash dividend in the amount of $0.05 per share of outstanding common stock, representing an annualized dividend of $0.20 per share. The dividend will be paid on May 15, 2020 to holders of record of Cadence’s Class A common stock on May 8, 2020.

Supplementary Financial Tables (Unaudited):

Supplementary financial tables (unaudited) are included in this release following the customary disclosure information.

First Quarter 2020 Earnings Conference Call:

Cadence Bancorporation executive management will host a conference call to discuss first quarter 2020 results on Wednesday, April 29, 2020, at 7:30 a.m. CT / 8:30 a.m. ET. Slides to be presented by management on the conference call can be viewed by visiting www.cadencebancorporation.com and selecting “Events & Presentations” then “Presentations”.

Conference Call Access:

To access the conference call, please dial one of the following numbers approximately 10-15 minutes prior to the start time to allow time for registration and use the Elite Entry Number provided below.

Dial in (toll free):

1-888-317-6003

International dial in:

1-412-317-6061

Canada (toll free):

1-866-284-3684

Participant Elite Entry Number:

7008277

For those unable to participate in the live presentation, a replay will be available through May 13, 2020. To access the replay, please use the following numbers:

US Toll Free:

1-877-344-7529

International Toll:

1-412-317-0088

Canada Toll Free:

1-855-669-9658

Replay Access Code:

10141328

Webcast Access:

The call and corresponding presentation slides will be webcast live on the home page of the Company’s website: www.cadencebancorporation.com.

About Cadence Bancorporation

Cadence Bancorporation (NYSE: CADE), headquartered in Houston, Texas, is a regional financial holding company with $17.2 billion in total assets as of March 31, 2020. Cadence operates 98 branch locations in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee and Texas, and provides corporations, middle-market companies, small businesses and consumers with a full range of innovative banking and financial solutions. Services and products include commercial and business banking, treasury management, specialized lending, asset-based lending, commercial real estate, SBA lending, foreign exchange, wealth management, investment and trust services, financial planning, retirement plan management, payroll and insurance services, consumer banking, consumer loans, mortgages, home equity lines and loans, and credit cards.

Contacts

Cadence Bancorporation

Media contact:

Danielle Kernell

713-871-4051

danielle.kernell@cadencebank.com

Investor relations contact:

Valerie Toalson

713-871-4103 or 800-698-7878

vtoalson@cadencebancorporation.com

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