Dow reports fourth quarter 2019 results

MIDLAND, Mich.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Dow (NYSE: DOW):

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS

  • GAAP loss per share from continuing operations was $3.14; Operating EPS¹ was $0.78. Operating EPS excludes significant items in the quarter, totaling $3.92 per share, primarily related to: the impairment of the remaining Coatings & Performance Monomers acquisition-related goodwill and charges related to Sadara; integration and separation costs; and a tax gain associated with Swiss tax reform.
  • Net sales were $10.2 billion, down 15% versus pro forma results in the year-ago period, primarily driven by lower local prices in all operating segments due to a decline in global energy prices.
  • Volume declined 2% versus pro forma results in the year-ago period, primarily due to lower hydrocarbon co-product sales as a result of planned turnaround activity. Excluding the Hydrocarbons & Energy business, volume rose 2%, driven by demand growth in packaging and construction chemicals applications.
  • Local price declined 12% versus pro forma results in the year-ago period. The largest declines were in Packaging & Specialty Plastics, driven by decreases in polyethylene and hydrocarbon co-products, and in Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure, primarily due to polyurethane intermediates. Currency decreased sales by 1%.
  • Equity losses were $21 million versus pro forma equity earnings of $26 million in the year-ago period. The reduction was primarily due to lower results at the Kuwait joint ventures, driven by margin compression in monoethylene glycol (MEG) and polyethylene.
  • GAAP loss from continuing operations, net of tax, was $2.3 billion. Operating EBIT1 was $1.0 billion, down from pro forma results of $1.3 billion in the year-ago period, reflecting margin compression in Packaging & Specialty Plastics and Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure. These factors were partly offset by margin expansion in Performance Materials & Coatings, savings from stranded cost removal, and the contribution from new polyethylene capacity on the U.S. Gulf Coast.
  • Stranded cost removal in the quarter was more than $35 million, raising the full-year, cumulative stranded cost savings to more than $160 million.
  • Cash provided by operating activities – continuing operations was $1.9 billion, up $531 million versus the year-ago period. Capital expenditures in the quarter were $577 million and free cash flow2 was $1.3 billion.
  • Returns to shareholders totaled $611 million in the quarter, including $517 million in dividends and $94 million in share repurchases. The Company achieved its full-year share repurchase target of $500 million.

SUMMARY FINANCIAL RESULTS

 

Three Months Ended December 31

Three Months Ended September 30

In millions, except per share amounts

4Q19

As Reported

4Q183

Pro Forma

vs. SQLY

[B / (W)]

3Q19

As Reported

vs. PQ

[B / (W)]

Net Sales

$10,204

$12,008

$(1,804)

$10,764

$(560)

GAAP Income (Loss) from Continuing Ops, Net of Tax

$(2,310)

$531

$(2,841)

$347

$(2,657)

Operating EBIT¹

$1,033

$1,289

$(256)

$1,117

$(84)

Operating EBIT Margin¹

10.1%

10.7%

(60) bps

10.4%

(30) bps

Operating EBITDA¹

$1,746

$2,015

$(269)

$1,856

$(110)

GAAP EPS

$(3.14)

$0.68

$(3.82)

$0.45

$(3.59)

Operating EPS¹

$0.78

$1.07

$(0.29)

$0.91

$(0.13)

Cash Provided by Operating Activities – Continuing Ops

$1,920

$1,389

$531

$1,790

$130

1.

 

Op. EPS, Op. EBIT, Op. EBIT Margin and Op. EBITDA are non-GAAP measures. See page 13 for further discussion.

2.

 

Free cash flow is defined as cash flows from operating activities – continuing operations, excluding the impact of ASU 2016-15, less capital expenditures.

3.

 

Financial information for the three months ended December 31, 2018 was prepared on a pro forma basis and determined in accordance with Article 11 of Regulation S-X.

CEO QUOTE

Jim Fitterling, chief executive officer, commented on the quarter:

We experienced similar economic headwinds in the quarter as we have seen all year – especially in the industrial sector – which included price and margin compression, in part driven by additional industry supply and uncertain macros. Yet once again, the Dow team navigated these factors by leveraging our core strengths – feedstock flexibility, a lean cost structure, and leading positions in consumer-driven end-markets. Together, these enabled us to capture demand growth, excluding our Hydrocarbons & Energy business, while also delivering another year-over-year improvement in cash from operations.

We also deployed capital to strengthen our financial flexibility and to reward our owners, reducing debt by more than $1 billion and returning more than $600 million to shareholders. We enter 2020 in a stronger competitive and financial position, poised to continue to deliver value for our customers and shareholders.”

SEGMENT HIGHLIGHTS

Packaging & Specialty Plastics

 

Three Months Ended December 31

Three Months Ended September 30

In millions, except margin percentages

4Q19

As Reported

4Q18

Pro Forma

vs. SQLY

[B / (W)]

3Q19

As Reported

vs. PQ

[B / (W)]

Net Sales

$4,840

$5,898

$(1,058)

$5,062

$(222)

Operating EBIT

$648

$839

$(191)

$798

$(150)

Operating EBIT Margin

13.4%

14.2%

(80) bps

15.8%

(240) bps

Equity Earnings

$27

$37

$(10)

$23

$4

Packaging & Specialty Plastics net sales were $4.8 billion, down 18% versus pro forma results in the year-ago period. Volume declined 3%, driven primarily by lower hydrocarbon co-product sales that resulted from planned turnaround activity in Europe. Local price declined 14%, and currency decreased net sales by 1%.

Packaging and Specialty Plastics reported a net sales decline, driven by reduced polyethylene product prices. Volume grew 4% with increases in all geographic regions except Latin America, which was flat. The business reported a double-digit demand gain in Asia Pacific. The strongest end-market growth was reported in flexible food and specialty packaging, industrial and consumer packaging, and health and hygiene applications.

Hydrocarbons & Energy reported a decline in net sales with decreases in volume, price and currency. The volume decline was primarily due to planned turnaround activity in Europe, which led to reduced hydrocarbon co-product production and sales.

Equity earnings for the segment were $27 million, down from pro forma equity earnings of $37 million in the year-ago period. The decline was driven by lower earnings from the Kuwait and Thai joint ventures.

Operating EBIT was $648 million, down from pro forma results of $839 million in the year-ago period. Lower polyethylene margins and reduced equity earnings more than offset stranded cost savings and volume gains in the Packaging and Specialty Plastics business.

Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure

 

Three Months Ended December 31

Three Months Ended September 30

In millions, except margin percentages

4Q19

As Reported

4Q18

Pro Forma

vs. SQLY

[B / (W)]

3Q19

As Reported

vs. PQ

[B / (W)]

Net Sales

$3,253

$3,777

$(524)

$3,365

$(112)

Operating EBIT

$221

$339

$(118)

$193

$28

Operating EBIT Margin

6.8%

9.0%

(220) bps

5.7%

110 bps

Equity Losses

$(45)

$(15)

$(30)

$(70)

$25

Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure net sales were $3.3 billion, down 14% versus pro forma results in the year-ago period. Volume was flat, local price declined 13%, and currency decreased net sales by 1%.

Polyurethanes & Construction Chemicals reported a net sales decline as modest volume growth was more than offset by local price declines which included lower prices for polyurethane intermediates. The business reported volume growth in all geographic regions except the U.S. & Canada.

Industrial Solutions reported lower net sales, primarily driven by price declines in performance intermediates, including ethyleneamines and glycol ethers. The business reported a modest decline in volume, primarily in ethylene glycols, which more than offset growth in heat transfer fluids and pharmaceutical applications.

Equity losses for the segment were $45 million, down from pro forma equity losses of $15 million in the year-ago period, primarily due to margin compression in MEG at the Kuwait joint ventures.

Operating EBIT was $221 million, down from pro forma results of $339 million in the year-ago period, primarily due to margin compression in both businesses and lower equity earnings, partially offset by lower planned maintenance turnaround costs.

Performance Materials & Coatings

 

Three Months Ended December 31

Three Months Ended September 30

In millions, except margin percentages

4Q19

As Reported

4Q18

Pro Forma

vs. SQLY

[B / (W)]

3Q19

As Reported

vs. PQ

[B / (W)]

Net Sales

$2,035

$2,269

$(234)

$2,250

$(215)

Operating EBIT

$233

$201

$32

$200

$33

Operating EBIT Margin

11.4%

8.9%

250 bps

8.9%

250 bps

Equity Earnings

$2

$ –

$2

$2

$ –

Performance Materials & Coatings net sales were $2.0 billion, down 10% versus pro forma results in the year-ago period. Volume declined 1%, local price fell 8%, and currency decreased net sales by 1%.

Consumer Solutions reported a decrease in net sales on local price declines in all geographic regions, primarily driven by lower siloxanes prices. Demand contraction, particularly in automotive and consumer electronics end-markets, was partly offset by improved demand for siloxanes in Asia Pacific and the U.S. & Canada as well as volume growth globally in differentiated infrastructure applications.

Coatings & Performance Monomers reported lower net sales on declines in both local price and volume. Coatings volume declined, primarily driven by lower demand in the U.S. & Canada and Europe for architectural binders. Volume grew modestly in functional coatings, including liquid-applied sound damping and wood coatings. Performance Monomers reported volume declines in all geographic regions except Latin America, which was up modestly.

Operating EBIT was $233 million, up from pro forma results of $201 million in the year-ago period, partly due to lower costs in Coatings & Performance Monomers, which was impacted by an extended maintenance turnaround in the same quarter last year, as well as reduced propylene feedstock costs.

OUTLOOK

Building on the consistent execution of our operational playbook in 2019, we are well-positioned to navigate the market dynamics that have carried into 2020 by focusing on the actions in our control,” said Fitterling. “We will continue to advance our pipeline of higher-return, lower-risk investments, particularly in sectors closer to the consumer where demand conditions remain favorable. By taking advantage of our unique feedstock capabilities, we will maintain our competitive cost positions. We expect to further reduce our cost structure over the course of the year as we complete the stranded cost removal. And, we plan to direct our free cash flow toward a balance of debt reduction and returns to shareholders. Taken together, these actions will give us the ability to continue to advance our strategic and financial priorities, outperform the competition and drive value for all our stakeholders.”

Conference Call

Dow will host a live webcast of its fourth quarter earnings conference call with investors to discuss its results, business outlook and other matters today at 8:00 a.m. ET. The webcast and slide presentation that accompany the conference call will be posted on the events and presentations page of investors.dow.com.

About Dow

Dow (NYSE: DOW) combines global breadth, asset integration and scale, focused innovation and leading business positions to achieve profitable growth. The Company’s ambition is to become the most innovative, customer centric, inclusive and sustainable materials science company. Dow’s portfolio of plastics, industrial intermediates, coatings and silicones businesses delivers a broad range of differentiated science-based products and solutions for its customers in high-growth market segments, such as packaging, infrastructure and consumer care. Dow operates 109 manufacturing sites in 31 countries and employs approximately 36,500 people. Dow delivered sales of approximately $43 billion in 2019. References to Dow or the Company mean Dow Inc. and its subsidiaries. For more information, please visit www.dow.com or follow @DowNewsroom on Twitter.

Cautionary Statement about Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws, including Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. In this context, forward-looking statements often address expected future business and financial performance, financial condition, and other matters, and often contain words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “opportunity,” “outlook,” “plan,” “project,” “seek,” “should,” “strategy,” “target,” “will,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” “would” and similar expressions, and variations or negatives of these words. Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties which may cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, expectations as to future sales of Dow’s products; the ability to protect Dow’s intellectual property in the United States and abroad; estimates regarding Dow’s capital requirements and need for and availability of financing; estimates of Dow’s expenses, future revenues and profitability; estimates of the size of the markets for Dow’s products and services and Dow’s ability to compete in such markets; expectations related to the rate and degree of market acceptance of Dow’s products; the outcome of certain Dow contingencies, such as litigation and environmental matters; estimates of the success of competing technologies that may become available and expectations regarding the benefits and costs associated with each of the foregoing.

Forward-looking statements by their nature address matters that are, to different degrees, uncertain. Forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and expectations of future events which may not be realized and speak only as of the date the statements were made. In addition, forward-looking statements also involve risks, uncertainties and other factors that are beyond Dow’s control that could cause Dow’s actual results to differ materially from those projected, anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements. These factors include, but are not limited to: fluctuations in energy and raw material prices; failure to develop and market new products and optimally manage product life cycles; significant litigation and environmental matters; failure to appropriately manage process safety and product stewardship issues; changes in laws and regulations or political conditions; global economic and capital markets conditions, such as inflation, market uncertainty, interest and currency exchange rates, and equity and commodity prices; business or supply disruptions; security threats, such as acts of sabotage, terrorism or war; weather events and natural disasters; ability to protect, defend and enforce Dow’s intellectual property rights; increased competition; changes in relationships with Dow’s significant customers and suppliers; unanticipated expenses such as litigation or legal settlement expenses; unanticipated business disruptions; Dow’s ability to predict, identify and interpret changes in consumer preferences and demand; Dow’s ability to complete proposed divestitures or acquisitions; Dow’s ability to realize the expected benefits of acquisitions if they are completed; the availability of financing to Dow in the future and the terms and conditions of such financing; and disruptions in Dow’s information technology networks and systems. Additionally, there may be other risks and uncertainties that Dow is unable to identify at this time or that Dow does not currently expect to have a material impact on its business.

Risks related to achieving the anticipated benefits of our separation from DowDuPont Inc. include, but are not limited to, a number of conditions including risks outside the control of Dow including risks related to (i) Dow’s inability to achieve some or all of the benefits that it expects to receive from the separation from DowDuPont, (ii) certain tax risks associated with the separation, (iii) Dow’s inability to make necessary changes to operate as a stand-alone company, (iv) the failure of Dow’s pro forma financial information to be a reliable indicator of Dow’s future results, (v) Dow’s inability to enjoy the same benefits of diversity, leverage and market reputation that it enjoyed as a combined company, (vi) Dow’s inability to receive third-party consents required under the separation agreement, (vii) Dow’s customers, suppliers and others’ perception of Dow’s financial stability on a stand-alone basis, (viii) non-compete restrictions under the separation agreement, (ix) receipt of less favorable terms in the commercial agreements we entered into with E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company n/k/a/ DuPont de Nemours, Inc.(“DuPont”) and Corteva, Inc. (“Corteva”), including restrictions under intellectual property cross-license agreements, than Dow would have received from an unaffiliated third party; and (x) Dow’s obligation to indemnify DuPont and/or Corteva for certain liabilities.

Where, in any forward-looking statement, an expectation or belief as to future results or events is expressed, such expectation or belief is based on the current plans and expectations of management and expressed in good faith and believed to have a reasonable basis, but there can be no assurance that the expectation or belief will result or be achieved or accomplished. For a more detailed discussion of Dow’s risks and uncertainties, see the section titled “Risk Factors” contained in Dow Inc. and TDCC’s combined Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended October 25, 2019, in the Current Report on Form 8-K of Dow Inc. and TDCC, filed with the SEC on July 25, 2019, recasting portions of the TDCC 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, and in Part I, Item 1A of the Annual Report on Form 10-K of TDCC for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018. Dow Inc. and TDCC assume no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements whether because of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by securities and other applicable laws.

Separation from DowDuPont

On April 1, 2019, DowDuPont Inc. (“DowDuPont” and effective June 3, 2019, n/k/a DuPont de Nemours, Inc. or “DuPont”) completed the separation of its materials science business and Dow Inc. became the direct parent company of The Dow Chemical Company and its consolidated subsidiaries (“TDCC” and together with Dow Inc., “Dow” or the “Company”), owning all of the outstanding common shares of TDCC. For filings related to the period commencing April 1, 2019 and thereafter, TDCC was deemed the predecessor to Dow Inc., and the historical results of TDCC are deemed the historical results of Dow Inc. for periods prior to and including March 31, 2019. The information in this report reflects the results of Dow and its consolidated subsidiaries, after giving effect to the distribution to DowDuPont of TDCC’s agricultural sciences business (“AgCo”) and specialty products business (“SpecCo”) and the receipt of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company and its consolidated subsidiaries’ (“Historical DuPont”) ethylene and ethylene copolymers business (other than its ethylene acrylic elastomers business) (“ECP”).

The separation was contemplated by the merger of equals transaction effective August 31, 2017, under the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of December 11, 2015, as amended on March 31, 2017. TDCC and Historical DuPont each merged with subsidiaries of DowDuPont and, as a result, TDCC and Historical DuPont became subsidiaries of DowDuPont (the “Merger”). Subsequent to the Merger, TDCC and Historical DuPont engaged in a series of internal reorganization and realignment steps to realign their businesses into three subgroups: agriculture, materials science and specialty products. Dow Inc. was formed as a wholly owned subsidiary of DowDuPont to serve as the holding company for the materials science business.

Unaudited Pro Forma Financial Information

In order to provide the most meaningful comparison of results of operations and results by segment, supplemental unaudited pro forma financial information has been included in the following financial schedules. The unaudited pro forma financial information is based on the consolidated financial statements of TDCC, adjusted to give effect to the separation from DowDuPont as if it had been consummated on January 1, 2017. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2019 and the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2018, pro forma adjustments have been made for (1) the margin impact of various manufacturing, supply and service related agreements entered into with DuPont and Corteva in connection with the separation which provide for different pricing than the historical intercompany and intracompany pricing practices of TDCC and Historical DuPont, (2) the removal of the amortization of ECP’s inventory step-up recognized in connection with the Merger, and (3) the elimination of the impact of events directly attributable to the Merger, internal reorganization and business realignment, separation, distribution and other related transactions (e.g., one-time transaction costs). The results for the three months ended December 31, 2019, are presented under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”).

The unaudited pro forma financial information has been presented for informational purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of what Dow’s results of operations actually would have been had the separation from DowDuPont been completed as of January 1, 2017, nor is it indicative of the future operating results of Dow. The unaudited pro forma information does not reflect restructuring or integration activities or other costs following the separation from DowDuPont that may be incurred to achieve cost or growth synergies of Dow. For further information on the unaudited pro forma financial information, please refer to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 3, 2019.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This earnings release includes information that does not conform to U.S. GAAP and are considered non-GAAP measures. These measures include the Company’s pro forma consolidated results and pro forma earnings per share on an adjusted basis. Management uses these measures internally for planning, forecasting and evaluating the performance of the Company’s segments, including allocating resources. Dow’s management believes that these non-GAAP measures best reflect the ongoing performance of the Company during the periods presented and provide more relevant and meaningful information to investors as they provide insight with respect to ongoing operating results of the Company and a more useful comparison of year-over-year results. These non-GAAP measures supplement the Company’s U.S. GAAP disclosures and should not be viewed as alternatives to U.S. GAAP measures of performance. Furthermore, such non-GAAP measures may not be consistent with similar measures provided or used by other companies.

Contacts

For further information, please contact:

Investors:
Neal Sheorey

nrsheorey@dow.com
+1 989-636-6347

Media:
Kyle Bandlow

kbandlow@dow.com
+1 989-638-2417

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