Calpine Reports Full Year 2018 Results

HOUSTON–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Calpine Corporation:

Summary 2018 Financial Results (in millions):

      Year Ended December 31,
2018       2017     % Change
 
Operating Revenues $   9,512 $   8,752 8.7 %
Income from operations $ 762 $ 378 101.6 %
Cash provided by operating activities $ 1,101 $ 949 16.0 %
Net Income (Loss)1 $ 10 $ (339 ) NM
Commodity Margin2 $ 3,033 $ 2,708 12.0 %
Adjusted Unlevered Free Cash Flow2 $ 1,634 $ 1,397 17.0 %
Adjusted Free Cash Flow2 $ 976 $ 751 30.0 %

________
1 Reported as Net Income (Loss)
attributable to Calpine on our Consolidated Statements of Operations.

2
Non-GAAP financial measure, see “Regulation G Reconciliations” for
further details.


Calpine Corporation today reported Net Income1 of $10 million
for the year ended December 31, 2018, compared to a Net Loss of $339
million in the prior year. The year-over-year increase in Net Income was
primarily due to an increase in Commodity Margin2 in each of
our wholesale regional segments and a decrease in operating and
maintenance expense driven by the timing of maintenance outage costs for
the year ended December 31, 2018, when compared to 2017. Cash provided
by operating activities for 2018 was $1,101 million compared to $949
million in the prior year. The increase in cash provided by operating
activities in 2018 was primarily due to an increase in income from
operations, adjusted for non-cash items, partially offset by an increase
in working capital employed resulting from the year-over-year change in
net collateral margining requirements associated with our commodity
hedging activity.


REGIONAL SEGMENT REVIEW OF RESULTS

Table 1: Commodity Margin by Segment (in millions)

        Year Ended December 31,
2018       2017       Variance
West $ 1,060 $ 970 $ 90
Texas 646 552 94
East 970 790 180
Retail 357   396   (39 )
Total $ 3,033   $ 2,708   $ 325  

West

Commodity Margin in our West segment increased by $90 million in 2018
compared to the prior year. Primary drivers were:

            +   new contracts at our Metcalf and Sutter Energy Centers that became
effective in 2018,
+ higher spark spreads and
+ higher generation, partially offset by
lower contribution from hedges.

Texas

Commodity Margin in our Texas segment increased by $94 million in 2018
compared to the prior year. Primary drivers were:

            +   higher spark spreads in ERCOT and
+ higher revenue associated with the sale of environmental credits in
the first quarter of 2018 with no similar activity in 2017,
partially offset by
lower contribution from hedges.

East

Commodity Margin in our East segment increased by $180 million in 2018
compared to the prior year. Primary drivers were:

            +   higher regulatory capacity revenue in PJM and ISO-NE,
+ higher spark spreads in ISO-NE and
+ a gain recorded during the first quarter of 2018 associated with the
cancellation of a contract, partially offset by
lower contribution from hedges and
lower spark spreads in PJM.

Retail

Commodity Margin in our Retail segment decreased by $39 million in 2018
compared to the prior year, primarily due to higher purchased energy and
capacity supply costs in Texas and the Northeast.


LIQUIDITY, CASH FLOW AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Table 2: Liquidity (in millions)

        December 31, 2018       December 31, 2017
Cash and cash equivalents, corporate(1) $ 141 $ 228
Cash and cash equivalents, non-corporate 64   56
Total cash and cash equivalents 205 284
Restricted cash 201 159
Corporate Revolving Facility availability(2) 966 1,161
CDHI letter of credit facility availability(3) 49 56
Other facilities availability(4) 7  
Total current liquidity availability $ 1,428   $ 1,660

____________

(1)  

Our ability to use corporate cash and cash equivalents is
unrestricted. Includes $52 million and $4 million of margin
deposits posted with us by our counterparties at December 31, 2018
and 2017, respectively.

(2)

Our ability to use availability under our Corporate Revolving
Facility is unrestricted. For the year ended December 31, 2018, we
utilized an incremental approximately $95 million in capacity
primarily through letter of credit issuances. Additionally, on
March 8, 2018, the capacity of our Corporate Revolving Facility
decreased by $320 million to $1.47 billion, only to be
subsequently increased on May 18, 2018, by approximately $220
million to approximately $1.69 billion.

(3)

Our $300 million CDHI letter of credit facility is restricted
to support certain obligations under PPAs and power transmission
and natural gas transportation agreements as well as fund the
construction of our Washington Parish Energy Center. Pursuant to
the terms and conditions of the CDHI credit agreement, the
capacity under the CDHI letter of credit facility will be reduced
to $125 million on June 30, 2019. The decrease in capacity will
not have a material effect on our liquidity as alternative sources
of liquidity are available.

(4)

We have two unsecured letter of credit facilities with third
party financial institutions totaling $200 million. One of the
facilities, with commitments totaling $150 million, matures
partially in June 2020 and fully by December 2020. The other
facility, with commitments totaling $50 million, matures in June
2020.

Liquidity was approximately $1.4 billion as of December 31, 2018. Cash
and cash equivalents decreased in 2018 primarily due to net repayments
of debt, consistent with our announced plan to reduce leverage,
partially offset by cash provided by operating activities.

Table 3: Cash Flow Activities (in millions)

      Year Ended December 31,
2018       2017
Beginning cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash $ 443   $ 606  
Net cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities 1,101 949
Investing activities (392 ) (211 )
Financing activities (746 ) (901 )
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (37 ) (163 )
Ending cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash $ 406   $ 443  
 

Cash provided by operating activities in 2018 was $1,101 million
compared to $949 million in the previous year. The year-over-year
increase was primarily due to an increase in income from operations,
adjusted for non-cash items, partially offset by an increase in working
capital employed resulting from the period-over-period change in net
collateral margining requirements associated with our commodity hedging
activity.

Cash used in investing activities was $392 million during 2018 compared
to $211 million in the prior year. The increase was primarily driven by
increased capital expenditures associated with additional capitalization
of seasonal maintenance outage costs, partially offset by a distribution
received in 2018 from an unconsolidated subsidiary.

Cash used in financing activities was $746 million during 2018 compared
to $901 million in the prior year. Cash usage in both 2017 and 2018 is
primarily driven by normal debt service payments during each respective
period as well as the pay down of the $550 million 2017 First Lien Term
Loan in 2017 and the repurchase of $390 million in aggregate principal
Senior Unsecured Notes during 2018. Further, in 2019, through the date
of this release, we repurchased an additional $48 million in aggregate
principal of our Senior Unsecured Notes.

PG&E Bankruptcy

On January 29, 2019, PG&E and PG&E Corporation each filed voluntary
petitions for relief under Chapter 11. We currently have several power
plants that provide energy and energy-related products to PG&E under
PPAs, many of which have PG&E collateral posting requirements. Since the
bankruptcy filing, we have received all material payments under the
PPAs, either directly or through the application of collateral. We also
currently have numerous other agreements with PG&E related to the
operation of our power plants in Northern California, under which PG&E
has continued to provide service since its bankruptcy filing. We cannot
predict the ultimate outcome of this matter and continue to monitor the
bankruptcy proceedings.

Our power plants that sell energy and energy-related products to PG&E
through PPAs, include Russell City Energy Center and Los Esteros
Critical Energy Facility which both achieved commercial operations in
2013. As of December 31, 2018, our Consolidated Balance Sheet included
$1.1 billion (including $169 million attributable to the noncontrolling
interest) and $504 million (including $85 million attributable to the
noncontrolling interest) in net long lived assets and non-recourse
project finance debt, respectively, associated with these two power
plants. Since the bankruptcy filing, we have received all material
payments under both PPAs, either directly or through the application of
collateral. We cannot predict whether the PPAs will be assumed through
the bankruptcy proceeding, however, we believe that even if the
contracts were not to be assumed, the undiscounted future cash flows of
the power plants would exceed the carrying values of each of the
facilities. We continue to monitor the bankruptcy proceedings for any
changes in circumstances that would impact the carrying value of either
power plant.

As a result of PG&E’s bankruptcy, we are currently unable to make
distributions from our Russell City and Los Esteros projects in
accordance with the terms of the project debt agreements associated with
each related project. If PG&E does not seek to assume our PPAs through
their bankruptcy proceedings, unless otherwise modified, we will incur
an event of default under the Russell City and Los Esteros project debt
agreements 180 days after the date of PG&E’s bankruptcy filing. We
continue to monitor the bankruptcy proceedings and are assessing our
options.

ABOUT CALPINE

Calpine Corporation is America’s largest generator of electricity from
natural gas and geothermal resources with operations in competitive
power markets. Our fleet of 79 power plants in operation or under
construction represents approximately 26,000 megawatts of generation
capacity. Through wholesale power operations and our retail businesses Calpine
Energy Solutions
and Champion
Energy
, we serve customers in 24 states, Canada and Mexico. Our
clean, efficient, modern and flexible fleet uses advanced technologies
to generate power in a low-carbon and environmentally responsible
manner. We are uniquely positioned to benefit from the secular trends
affecting our industry, including the abundant and affordable supply of
clean natural gas, environmental regulation, aging power generation
infrastructure and the increasing need for dispatchable power plants to
successfully integrate intermittent renewables into the grid. Please
visit www.calpine.com
to learn more about how Calpine is creating power for a sustainable
future.

Calpine’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31,
2018, will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
and will be available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

In addition to historical information, this release contains
“forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private
Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities
Act, and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. Forward-looking statements may
appear throughout this release. We use words such as “believe,”
“intend,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “may,” “will,” “should,”
“estimate,” “potential,” “project” and similar expressions to identify
forward-looking statements. Such statements include, among others, those
concerning our expected financial performance and strategic and
operational plans, as well as all assumptions, expectations,
predictions, intentions or beliefs about future events. We believe that
the forward-looking statements are based upon reasonable assumptions and
expectations. However, you are cautioned that any such forward-looking
statements are not guarantees of future performance and that a number of
risks and uncertainties could cause actual results to differ materially
from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements. Such risks and
uncertainties include, but are not limited to:

  • Financial results that may be volatile and may not reflect
    historical trends due to, among other things, seasonality of demand,
    fluctuations in prices for commodities such as natural gas and power,
    changes in U.S. macroeconomic conditions, fluctuations in liquidity
    and volatility in the energy commodities markets and our ability and
    extent to which we hedge risks;
  • Laws, regulations and market rules in the wholesale and retail
    markets in which we participate and our ability to effectively respond
    to changes in laws, regulations or market rules or the interpretation
    thereof including those related to the environment, derivative
    transactions and market design in the regions in which we operate;
  • Our ability to manage our liquidity needs, access the capital
    markets when necessary and comply with covenants under our Senior
    Unsecured Notes, First Lien Notes, First Lien Term Loans, Corporate
    Revolving Facility, CCFC Term Loan and other existing financing
    obligations;
  • Risks associated with the operation, construction and development
    of power plants, including unscheduled outages or delays and plant
    efficiencies;
  • Risks related to our geothermal resources, including the adequacy
    of our steam reserves, unusual or unexpected steam field well and
    pipeline maintenance requirements, variables associated with the
    injection of water to the steam reservoir and potential regulations or
    other requirements related to seismicity concerns that may delay or
    increase the cost of developing or operating geothermal resources;
  • Extensive competition in our wholesale and retail business,
    including from renewable sources of power, interference by states in
    competitive power markets through subsidies or similar support for new
    or existing power plants, lower prices and other incentives offered by
    retail competitors, and risks associated with marketing and selling
    power in the evolving energy markets;
  • Structural changes in the supply and demand of power resulting from
    the development of new fuels or technologies and demand-side
    management tools (such as distributed generation, power storage and
    other technologies);
  • The expiration or early termination of our PPAs and the related
    results on revenues;
  • Future capacity revenue may not occur at expected levels;
  • Natural disasters, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, droughts,
    wildfires and floods, acts of terrorism or cyber-attacks that may
    affect our power plants or the markets our power plants or retail
    operations serve and our corporate offices;
  • Disruptions in or limitations on the transportation of natural gas
    or fuel oil and the transmission of power;
  • Our ability to manage our counterparty and customer exposure and
    credit risk, including our commodity positions or if a significant
    customer were to seek bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11;
  • Our ability to attract, motivate and retain key employees;
  • Present and possible future claims, litigation and enforcement
    actions that may arise from noncompliance with market rules
    promulgated by the SEC, CFTC, FERC and other regulatory bodies; and
  • Other risks identified in this press release, in our Annual Report
    on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, and in other
    reports filed by us with the SEC.

Given the risks and uncertainties surrounding forward-looking
statements, you should not place undue reliance on these statements.
Many of these factors are beyond our ability to control or predict. Our
forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this release.
Other than as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or
revise forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new
information, future events, or otherwise.

 

CALPINE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

     
Year Ended December 31,
2018       2017
(in millions)
Operating revenues:
Commodity revenue $ 9,865 $ 8,836
Mark-to-market loss (373 ) (101 )
Other revenue 20   17  
Operating revenues 9,512   8,752  
Operating expenses:
Fuel and purchased energy expense:
Commodity expense 6,914 6,268
Mark-to-market (gain) loss (165 ) 70  
Fuel and purchased energy expense 6,749   6,338  
Operating and maintenance expense 1,020 1,080
Depreciation and amortization expense 739 724
General and other administrative expense 158 155
Other operating expenses 98   85  
Total operating expenses 8,764   8,382  
Impairment losses 10 41
(Gain) on sale of assets, net (27 )
(Income) from unconsolidated subsidiaries (24 ) (22 )
Income from operations 762 378
Interest expense 617 621
(Gain) loss on extinguishment of debt (28 ) 38
Other (income) expense, net 81   32  
Income (loss) before income taxes 92 (313 )
Income tax expense 64   8  
Net income (loss) 28 (321 )
Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest (18 ) (18 )
Net income (loss) attributable to Calpine $ 10   $ (339 )
 

CALPINE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

December 31, 2018 and 2017

(Unaudited)

           
2018 2017
(in millions, except share and per share amounts)
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 205 $ 284
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $9 and $9 1,022 970
Inventories 525 498
Margin deposits and other prepaid expense 315 203
Restricted cash, current 167 134
Derivative assets, current 142 174
Other current assets 43   43  
Total current assets 2,419 2,306
Property, plant and equipment, net 12,442 12,724
Restricted cash, net of current portion 34 25
Investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries 76 106
Long-term derivative assets 160 218
Goodwill 242 242
Intangible assets, net 412 512
Other assets 277   320  
Total assets $ 16,062   $ 16,453  
LIABILITIES & STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 958 $ 777
Accrued interest payable 96 104
Debt, current portion 637 225
Derivative liabilities, current 303 197
Other current liabilities 489   571  
Total current liabilities 2,483 1,874
Debt, net of current portion 10,148 11,180
Long-term derivative liabilities 140 119
Other long-term liabilities 235   213  
Total liabilities 13,006 13,386
 
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders’ equity:
Common stock, $0.001 par value per share; authorized 5,000 and
1,400,000,000 shares, respectively, 105.2 and 361,677,891 shares
issued, respectively, and 105.2 and 360,516,091 shares outstanding,
respectively
Treasury stock, at cost, nil and 1,161,800 shares, respectively (15 )
Additional paid-in capital 9,582 9,661
Accumulated deficit (6,542 ) (6,552 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (77 ) (106 )
Total Calpine stockholders’ equity 2,963 2,988
Noncontrolling interest 93   79  
Total stockholders’ equity 3,056   3,067  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 16,062   $ 16,453  
 

CALPINE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

For the Years Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

(Unaudited)

           
2018 2017
(in million)
Cash flows from operating activities:    
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 1,101   $ 949  
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property, plant and equipment $ (415 ) $ (305 )
Proceeds from sale of power plants and other 11 162
Purchase of North American Power, net of cash acquired (111 )
Return of investment from unconsolidated subsidiaries 18
Other (6 ) 43  
Net cash used in investing activities $ (392 ) $ (211 )
Cash flows from financing activities:
Borrowings under CCFC Term Loan and First Lien Term Loans $ $ 1,395
Repayments of CCFC Term Loans and First Lien Term Loans (41 ) (2,150 )
Borrowings under First Lien Notes 560
Repurchases of Senior Unsecured and First Lien Notes (355 ) (453 )
Borrowings under Corporate Revolving Facility 355 25
Repayments of Corporate Revolving Facility (325 ) (25 )
Borrowings from project financing, notes payable and other 220
Repayments of project financing, notes payable and other (470 ) (174 )
Distribution to noncontrolling interest holder (9 ) (12 )
Financing costs (18 ) (60 )
Stock repurchases (79 )
Shares repurchased for tax withholding on stock-based awards (7 ) (7 )
Dividends paid(1) (20 )
Other 3    
Net cash used in financing activities $ (746 ) $ (901 )
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (37 ) (163 )
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period 443   606  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period(2) $ 406   $ 443  
 
Cash paid during the period for:
Interest, net of amounts capitalized $ 587 $ 575
Income taxes $ 23 $ 12
 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing activities:
Purchase of King City Cogeneration Plant Lease(3) $ $ 15
Change in capital expenditures included in accounts payable $ 19 $ 20

__________

(1)

 

On March 8, 2018, we completed a merger with an affiliate of
Energy Capital Partners and a consortium of other investors.
Subsequent to this transaction, we paid certain merger-related
costs incurred by CPN Management, LP, our direct parent.

(2)

Our cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, current and
restricted cash, net of current portion are stated as separate
line items on our Consolidated Balance Sheets.

(3)

On April 3, 2017, we completed the purchase of the King City
Cogeneration Plant lease in exchange for a three-year promissory
note with a discounted value of $57 million. We recorded a net
increase to property, plant and equipment, net on our Consolidated
Balance Sheet of $15 million due to the increased value of the
promissory note as compared to the carrying value of the lease.


REGULATION G RECONCILIATIONS

In addition to disclosing financial results in accordance with U.S.
GAAP, the accompanying 2018 earnings release contains non-GAAP financial
measures. Commodity Margin, Adjusted Free Cash Flow and Adjusted
Unlevered Free Cash Flow are non-GAAP financial measures that we use as
measures of our performance and liquidity. These non-GAAP measures
should be viewed as a supplement to and not a substitute for our U.S.
GAAP measures of performance and liquidity, and the financial results
calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP and reconciliations from these
results should be carefully evaluated.

Commodity Margin includes revenues recognized on our
wholesale and retail power sales activity, electric capacity sales,
renewable energy credit sales, steam sales, realized settlements
associated with our marketing, hedging, optimization and trading
activity less costs from our fuel and purchased energy expenses,
commodity transmission and transportation expenses, environmental
compliance expenses and ancillary retail expense. We believe that
Commodity Margin is a useful tool for assessing the performance of our
core operations and is a key operational measure of profit reviewed by
our chief operating decision maker. Commodity Margin is not a measure
calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP and should be viewed as a
supplement to and not a substitute for our results of operations
presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Commodity Margin does not intend
to represent income (loss) from operations, the most comparable U.S.
GAAP measure, as an indicator of operating performance and is not
necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other
companies.

Adjusted Free Cash Flow represents cash flows from
operating activities including the effects of maintenance capital
expenditures, adjustments to reflect the Adjusted Free Cash Flow from
unconsolidated investments and to exclude the noncontrolling interest
and other miscellaneous adjustments such as the effect of changes in
working capital. Adjusted Unlevered Free Cash Flow is
calculated on the same basis as Adjusted Free Cash Flow but excludes the
effect of cash interest, net, and operating lease payments, thus
capturing the performance of our business independent of its capital
structure.

Contacts

Media Relations:
Brett Kerr
713-830-8809
brett.kerr@calpine.com

Investor Relations:
Bryan Kimzey
713-830-8777
bryan.kimzey@calpine.com

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